How are guide dogs trained?

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Foto de Como são treinados os cães-guias?

Pets are so incredible that they help human beings in the most genuine and loyal ways that exist, and guide dogs are living proof of that.

Carefully trained to perform functions to target the visually impaired, these pussies give us a great example when it comes to competence and love for others.

The process of adapting these pets to their new positions in the lives of future tutors is quite interesting.

To this end, there are specialized centers in the service that bear almost all costs to prepare the pet.

The person who will be accompanied by the guide dog in question is usually responsible only for the common expenses (food, accommodation, veterinarian, hygiene).

Are guide dogs of specific breeds?

Yea! Some specific dogs are more suitable for the function. This fact is based on criteria of discipline, agility, intelligence, confidence, enthusiasm, among others. The dogs that we will see with greater recurrence playing this role will be of the following breeds:

  • German Shepherd;
  • Labrador;
  • Golden retriever;

How does the training take place?

In general, the training of guide dogs occurs from eight steps. Check out:

  • Socialization: the first phase of the training of guide dogs occurs from 3 months onwards and continues for about a year, in this process, the pet gains a “temporary family” that will be responsible for accustoming him to live in society, this means that he must accompany members during various daily activities.
  • Basic commands: the second step occurs when the dog returns to the training center to learn the main commands, at that moment, he starts to use a guide and understand that while he is wearing the accessory, he is working, and that when removing it he is free to play or rest.
  • Practical training: over a period of five to eight months, dogs perform certain exercises so that they learn to behave properly, ensuring success in function.
  • The curb: the fifth step is extremely important, in it, dogs learn commands that will indicate when they can cross the curb during crossings, thus, they will understand that when the cars stop it is time to move on.
  • Assimilation: at this point, dogs start to make the connection between action and word, for this, they are taken to the main places they should attend and understand that the word “school”, for example, indicates that they must go to a certain place.
  • Intelligent disobedience: here, dogs are taught that their instincts must come first, so they must not follow orders when they endanger their guardians.
  • Adaptation: when guide dogs are properly trained, effective work begins with their new tutors, the training center accompanies the adaptation for a specific time and if one of the two is not satisfied with the relationship – which rarely happens – the coexistence is interrupted .
  • Side dish: usually on an annual basis, the training center checks the condition of the guide dogs and determines the moment of retirement, when the pet reaches 9 years old, the check intervals are reduced to ensure the well-being of the animal. In most cases, guide dogs remain with their guardians even after they finish their work activities.

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