Sometimes it is difficult to know the reasons for a bad digestion in dogs. To better prevent digestive disorders in your four-legged friend, such as vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, diet, the choice of premium kibble, good feeding habits and a healthy and balanced lifestyle all require their importance.
The physiology and morphology of the animal influence its digestive system. A small dog will not have the same digestive properties as a large dog. Many factors will cause digestive disorders or on the contrary optimize digestion canine. The experts at Zoomalia looked at the exploration of your dog’s bowels, namely, the intestinal transit and digestion of food. First of all, you will learn what is going on in your dog’s belly, you will be able to follow our 9 tips for promoting good digestion on a daily basis, and you will finally know the how and why about his digestive ailments. Travel to the center of your loyal dog’s flesh!
Dog digestion: how does it work?
The goal of good canine digestion is to allow the food consumed to be well assimilated by the dog’s body.
The digestive system plays an essential role in absorption of food. Unlike humans, food stagnates longer in dogs’ stomachs, between 4 and 10 hours. Then, these digested foods transit to the 1 meter long small intestine for at least 45 minutes and end up in the 20 to 40 cm large intestine, made up of the colon and rectum for evacuation.
Indeed, the colon aims to regulate hydration in the body and to avoid constipation. Hence the importance of a water rich food. The intestines are a privileged place where calcium, vitamin B12 and vitamin K. are distributed. This whole ecosystem builds the intestinal flora and its bacteria, known as probiotics, essential for digestive balance and a healthy life.
The stages of digestion: simplified mode
- Food crushed by the dog travels down the digestive tract.
- Digestive enzymes reduce the molecules that make up food to facilitate their absorption.
- The dog’s body retains only the beneficial vitamins and nutrients it needs and expels everything else that is unnecessary or causing digestive upset.
Making my dog’s digestion easier: 9 tips
Be careful, the small intestine is very short in our four-legged friends. Like the French Bulldog or the Jack Russel, these small breed dogs require palatable, digestible croquettes that respect their delicate transit. Zoomalia highly recommends you Optimus Sensitive Digestion based on lamb and rice for adult dogs, a hypoallergenic dry food which protects the intestinal flora of your sensitive animal and which strengthens its vitality every day. And always at a good price for your wallet 🙂
My dog digests badly: everything is explained!
To boost the acidity of the pH of your dog’s stomach, it should be given a high protein diet and plenty of water (in the form of mash and fresh water). To give you an order of magnitude, the production of gastric juice is 3 mL / h in dogs compared to 1 to 1.5 L per day in humans. For example, if you opt for a BARF diet, you will need to fast your pet for a whole day before it starts its first raw meat meals in order to increase its gastric acid pH. Otherwise, your dog may vomit up the bones and irritate his stomach and esophagus.
Too much food in the bowls has the consequence of accentuating the stinking gas of our adorable companions, creating inflammation of the intestine, diarrhea and finally a very bad digestion. At different ages, dogs are not fed with the same frequency. A puppy for example will be given 4 meals per day with small amounts, while an adult dog will need 2 to 3 meals per day. 2 meals will be sufficient for a senior or sedentary dog, against 3 meals at least for working dogs or pregnant bitches.
The causes of drop in acidity are many :
- Deficiencies in essential vitamins and minerals (zinc, vitamin A, B6, iodine) which protect the lining of the stomach.
- Stress decreases hydrochloric acidity and therefore slows down digestion.
- Prolonged intake of anti-acids can cause digestive problems, in cases of pancreatitis for example.
- Insufficient consumption of foods rich in protein or overconsumption of fruits or vegetables does not allow good digestion in dogs.
- The older the dog, the more the hydrochloric acid secretion rate decreases with age.
To alleviate the digestive deficiencies of your adult dog, introduce him to the new Optimus Fresh Fish kibbles, with fresh fish (40%), grain-free and gluten-free, enriched with glucosamine and chondroitin. This highly digestible food will provide the energy necessary for the daily activity of your companion.
What to remember to facilitate my dog’s digestion! The digestive system of dogs varies according to their morphology and their breed. Large dogs are less digestible than small dogs because of their size. The transit time in the large intestine is 40 hours in a large breed and less than 24 hours in a small dog. Clearly, the longer the transit, the less consistent the stools! It is therefore essential to choose high quality dry food with a high protein digestibility and an gentle cooking, respectful of raw materials.
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