The furunculosis is a pyoderma, that is to say a infection bacterial deep of the dog’s skin. She is also named thedog acne. Bacteria or pathogenic germs multiply excessively on the skin. This is a common problem in dogs, but much rarer in cats. This causes inflammation of the hair and sebaceous glands. Indeed, small abscesses located at the base of the hairs release pus and germs such as small fungi or bacteria.
If it is not detected in time and not treated, the infectious disease can worsen and turn into “cellulitis”. So the boils bind to each other and the infection disperses into the deeper layers of the skin. The infection spreads throughout the body and can become dangerous for the animal.
The causes of furunculosis or acne in dogs
The furunculosis of the dog is due to failure of the skin’s protective system. When the animal is in good health, it must act as a barrier against external attacks such as disease, pollen, viruses or mites. Indeed, these can damage the immune defenses of the animal.
The skin is then more likely to be infected. If it is damaged, it will no longer play its role correctly. Bacteria can then develop and cause acne. The causes in are numerous, but certain points can serve as avenues for reflection.
Allergies are arguably the most common cause. The dog evolves in a certain environment. He can be sensitive to dust mites and mold. He can also taste certain plants while walking or ingest materials present in a house (plastics, wood) that he does not necessarily support.
Sensitivity to insect bites
Hypersensitivity to Insect bites can cause skin damage and cause boils.
The cause of the furunculosis can also be hormonal. When the animal’s hormone levels are abnormal, its natural protective barriers are weakened. The dog is therefore more subject to the risk of bacterial infections.
Finally, the cause can be skeletal. The animal may suffer fromosteoarthritis of the fingers. He may have difficulty positioning his legs and have poor support. Its weight, poorly distributed, causes too much effort in certain places, which can infect the area.
Symptoms of furunculosis in dogs
This bacterial infection causes many effects for the dog: pain appears, his skin becomes red and irritated and can also be oozing. These effects can be localized as well as generalized on the whole body of the animal.
Usually, the infected area is in an area of ”folds” or is a particularly sensitive part of the body. The legs and chin are often affected areas. For fleshy dogs like the Bulldog or Shar-Pei, their “folds” can be a favorite area for the development of boils because these parts of the body are difficult to access and clean by the animal.
It is also often found that the animal reduce his trips in order to avoid pain in the infected area. He may have difficulty walking or limping. In addition, the dog tends to often lick The paws.
Finally, a loss of appetite may accompany other symptoms. The animal is weakened and loses the desire to feed.
Remedies for acne in dogs and consultation with the veterinarian
Remedies for furunculosis depend on the symptoms to be treated as a priority. This infection is not to be taken lightly because it can quickly get worse and compromise the health of the dog.
If the first symptoms appear, watch your animal carefully for a few hours. If symptoms persist, a consultation with the veterinarian or a dermatologist is necessary.
Only a specialist will give a precise verdict on your pet’s state of health, prescribe the appropriate treatment and monitor its progress. He can also diagnose the cause of the infection (allergic cause, fragility on a part of the animal’s body, etc.).
To avoid skin infection, a impeccable hygiene of your dog is essential. Wash your pet regularly, especially after being outdoors or in messy places.
If necessary, brushing can follow washing in order to untangle the hair and ensure the cleanliness of the animal. Shampoos or antiseptic lotions are often prescribed by the veterinarian or dermatologist. Antibiotics can also be recommended.
A varied and balanced diet
In addition, food plays an important role in the general health of the animal and helps prevent the appearance of boils. Indeed, the food must be adapted, given in the right proportions and it must be of good quality.
A good Alimentation helps prevent vitamin and mineral deficiencies. These organic substances are necessary for a strong and effective skin barrier, preventing bacteria from settling and growing. They also contribute to the proper functioning of the overall organism of the animal.
If the animal is allergic, it will be necessary to adapt its diet and use replacement products. A veterinarian can direct you to alternative food. He may also recommend specific foods for your animal to consume to strengthen its immune system and / or take into account an allergy.
The animal may take a long time to heal. Scars may remain on the dog’s skin, more or less visible depending on the location of the infection.
What you must remember : preventive actions make it possible to avoid, most of the time, furunculosis. A good Alimentation, daily physical exercise and good hygiene body allows to limit the risks as much as possible. If a symptom occurs, monitoring of the animal is necessary for a few days. At the slightest doubt or if the situation gets worse, consult a vet. He will be able to make a precise and in-depth diagnosis based on the animal’s state of health and the symptoms described by its owners.
Following the advice of the specialist, you can give an appropriate treatment to your dog. Taken care of in time, this canine disease does not leave any consequences for the dog. Only scars may remain on the skin in some places, some of which will disappear over time.
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