A dog needs a healthy and balanced diet adapted to all his vital needs and so that his organism and metabolism can develop in good conditions.
The amount of energy ingested by the dog should be determined according to the breed of the dog, but also its age and lifestyle. Indeed, even if the rations remain the same as the dog ages, the dog’s needs for nutrients, proteins and others change over the years.
It is best to recommend a well-digestible diet for optimal nutrition.
The dog is an animal with a very Cartesian mind and as a carnivore it can only eat meat. Domestic dogs, on the other hand, can be choosy and reluctant to eat a particular food. It is at this moment (and even from the beginning) that the master intervenes and sets his conditions to accustom the animal to eating everything. It is also up to the master to know the needs of his dog and to adapt accordingly.
From now on, there is a very varied diet for the dog, whether it is for croquettes (dry food) or for mash (wet food).
Then comes the question: what to give your dog? What is better for him? In what quantity?
Dry food: croquettes
Generally, we choose the kibble for its practicality and because it offers the best solutions to the different needs of the dog without hindering him or disrupting his metabolism.
In this dry food, when you choose quality such as Premium kibbles, you find complete and balanced foods. In addition, with the croquettes, it is possible to choose a variety according to the breed of your dog, according to its age, according to its weight. And if the dog likes dry food only moderately, you should know that there are even kibbles for “difficult dogs”.
The croquettes are made up of all possible varieties; even if they seem less appetizing than pâtés for example, croquettes offer the advantage of being able to be kept longer and anywhere. Wherever it is, whatever the time of the day, the dog will always have a balanced diet with this type of food.
The croquettes contain the vitamins and minerals necessary for the development of the dog and ensure, in addition, a partial cleaning of the teeth.
However, since dry food does not contain a lot of water, it is important to provide the dog with a bowl with fresh, clean water.
We then speak of mash and fresh bites.
This type of food has 2 major advantages which are a high palatability (which is why dogs prefer them to kibble) and high humidity which will promote the work of the dog’s kidneys because they drink little as a rule.
However, wet food can cause oral pathologies (and the appearance of tartar) unless the teacher regularly cleans his teeth.
This type of food keeps less well than dry food because once the can is opened, it must be consumed within 48 hours at most to keep all its freshness and the qualities of its nutrients.
However, this type of diet is recommended for animals who have difficulty chewing and chewing hard food.
However, there are other food alternatives for the dog such as household rations: before embarking on this type of food, it is advisable to go to your veterinarian who will know how much is needed for the dog and what foods may suit him and which ones should be avoided. Household rations are food prepared by the master from fresh raw materials.
In the same spirit, there is the dietetic diet that is found especially in the veterinarian: there are two ranges, namely the physiological range for regular maintenance of the animal and a dietetic range that meets the specific needs of the animal. certain pathologies in dogs.
Attitude and rules for feeding your dog
With his dog, the owner must keep his role so that the dog knows that it is not necessarily a reward and that everything he has to eat is good for him. It is essential to show him what he can and cannot do with food and to get him used to eating as quickly as possible while being aware of his body’s needs.
The dog must eat at a fixed time, if possible after his master and preferably in the evening. If the dog refuses to eat after 30 minutes, he must remove his bowl so that he understands that he has no other alternative to hope for. After some time, he is offered his bowl and as his survival instinct will wake up, he will eat. In this training, it is advisable to give him kibble so as not to waste food.
One meal a day is sufficient for most breeds when the dog is an adult.
It is very important not to vary the dog’s diet too much, which could lead to diarrhea. Any change in his diet should be made gently over a few days by gradually introducing the new food.
Warning: leftovers from meals are not balanced enough for a dog and that is not enough to compose a complete diet.
How Much Food to Give Your Dog?
If one chooses to give industrial food, whether wet or dry, the doses are often prescribed on the container and this depending on the dog’s weight.
But if you choose to give Premium foods like Premium kibble, it is possible to have a small cup that will streamline what is needed for the dog’s needs.
It is essential to weigh your dog regularly to know his weight but also to monitor the evolution of his metabolism.
The stomach will reach its final size around the age of 7 months on average: this is why during weaning (which will last until the age of 3 months), any food ration will be divided into 4 or 5 meals. per day. Then, between 5 and 7 months, the number of meals taken goes down to 3 meals distributed between 7 a.m. and 10 p.m. to teach him what night rest is.
Finally, from 7 months, only one or two meals are given at most.
Dog food can be heated but this is not mandatory but a temperature of 18 ° is often recommended.
Premium or standard foods
These are the most balanced foods that can be offered to your dog because they have a large supply of proteins necessary for the dog’s muscle development. With Premium foods, proteins are diversified into poultry, beef and fish. In this type of food, the fat intake, which is essential and which contributes to the appetite of the love, is present, the fats being selected according to their contribution of essential fatty acids. Thus, all the needs of the dog are covered to increase the energy power of the love and improve its taste. Finally, Premiums have a fiber intake that will allow better digestion and better intestinal transit.
This type of food is more easily found, especially in supermarkets. The prices are lower compared to Premium foods because the quality of the ingredients differs. Likewise, this food is digested less well.
There are, however, standard foods for all stages of a dog’s life, whether puppy or senior.
Standard foods are often more fatty, and therefore more appetizing.
How to read the food labels correctly?
First of all, the law indicates that on the label must be filled in the following information: the average analysis in percentages, the list of ingredients, the vitamins in KG and the instructions for use, i.e. the dosage recommended.
Here is an example of reading:
– The average analysis which only gives percentages does not provide any information on the quality of the product.
– The list of ingredients is established in descending order. the first ingredient is always the one that always represents the largest amount. Example: chicken, corn, animal fats, corn gluten, beet pulp… Chicken is the main ingredient in the composition here.
– The list of ingredients is established before cooking. Fresh chicken contains 75% water and fat. After baking an extruded croquette (at around 130 ° C), 4 to 5 times less remains.
– The first ingredient must be dehydrated meat or fish.
The most frequent practices are as follows.
This food is therefore mainly made up of cereals, the primary source of carbohydrates.
Another example :
So there is more corn here than chicken.
The other practices encountered are:
Legally, what is listed between two commas only counts as one ingredient.
So the ingredient “Meat and animal by-products” may contain 3% meat and 97% animal by-products.
. BHA (or E320)
. BHT (or E321)
They are artificial preservatives derived from petroleum used primarily to harden and preserve plastics. They are known to be carcinogenic.
But a manufacturer is not required to say whether the ingredients they use contain preservatives and what kind they are.
Some premium brands
Brit & Brit care: the brand has developed a food that provides very effective protection against external aggressions. Indeed, this food is composed of hypoallergenic foods such as lamb or rice, salmon and potatoes. This diet contains a balanced level of amino acids and does not contain foods or genetically modified organisms or any other harmful substances.
Dog Chow: the foods of this brand are essentially designed with high quality ingredients so that the dog receives 100% of the benefits of a complete and balanced diet. The nutritional quality of the range of this food allows the dog to enjoy excellent physical condition at all times.
Eukanuba: dogs with a carnivorous diet must have a suitable diet and that is why the Eukanuba brand offers high quality animal proteins (such as chicken or lamb).
Hill’s: this brand mainly offers croquettes whose composition of ingredients will fight against the formation of dental plaque: in fact, the tartar will be gradually removed for better oral hygiene. Likewise, Hill’s offers larger than average kibble for better and more efficient chewing, thus preserving the dog’s digestive system.
Iams: this brand offers food adapted to the dog’s needs, particularly on the nutritional level, thanks to the contribution of Omega 6 and Omega 3. Thus, this unique contribution will allow the dog to benefit from a softer and healthier coat.
Proplan: this brand works in close collaboration with nutritionists and veterinarians to develop a very high quality diet that will protect the health of the dog throughout its existence.
Taste of the Wild: these foods, dry or wet, comply with ethical respect for animals, with products close to the biological needs of dogs.