The flair of a dog is a considerable asset for detect many diseases human. While dogs are often trained to search for drugs, explosives, truffles, or the missing, their noses are found to be capable of detecting serious conditions such as Covid-19, the breast cancer, the diabetes, the malaria, etc. Light on these superheroes, saviors of humanity!
Cancer screening dogs
The incredible challenge of the Curie Institute emphasized the critical importance of canine smell. In his KDOG project, it is a question of screening for breast cancer using dogs, without coming into contact with the patient. The principle is simple and effective: the animal smells the odor of the sick or healthy person on a wipe, and then detects the presence of a tumor.
Trained by expert dog lovers, Nykios, Snowy and Thor participated in the convincing program and received well-deserved official awards.
The global health crisis has prompted scientists to want to train dogs capable of detect cases of SARS-CoV-2 infections. Firefighters and veterinarians from the Maisons-Alfort national school in Val-de-Marne therefore carried out the Nosaïs project on the odor screening for Covid-19. Using a cloth soaked in human sweat, the animals should identify the infectious disease or the healthy case.
The first tests with training dogs are at the experimental stage in France and abroad, however, their results remain encouraging with 95% success. According to seasoned scientists, it will take a little longer to generalize the method. Namely, the nasal swab and blood test are the only credible and approved tests to confirm a carrier case of the disease.
The regions strongly affected by the virus, in particular in the Paris region, are facing a saturation of laboratories. COvid-19 test times are then extended and are subject to a long waiting list. The revolutionary method of sniffer dogs can help reduce these non-standard delays and would be a major step forward limit the spread of the virus. The sooner the patient is detected, the sooner he would be in confinement.
As a reminder, animals cannot contract the coronavirus. So scenting dogs do not take no risk to sniff the virus.
Breast cancer: flair at the service of prevention
Female disease of the century, breast cancer is experiencing significant progress in screening. Mammography or ultrasound is expensive, if not inexistent in underdeveloped countries. Dogs may well provide shade for them, as they can spot the cancer cells, which optimizes the chances of recovery for the patient.
Other diseases detected by sniffer dogs
This neurological disease affects the patient and his entourage. Children, adolescents and the elderly are particularly affected. Brain dysfunctions associated with an “electric shock” cause unconsciousness, seizures and muscle stiffness. The cat has the ability to sense an epileptic seizure imminent. Epileptics therefore have every interest in living with a feline, for their preventive safety.
The malaria is a parasitic disease also known as malaria or swamp fever. This infection affects humans after a bite from certain mosquitoes, Anopheles. After a successful experience in favor of African children, dogs sniff socks infected and recognize the disease. The scientific experts wish to continue their work to identify other cases of malaria.
Many people suffer from headaches of varying severity on a daily basis. A study has shown that the masters have been warned by their dog 1 or 2 hours before the onset of a migraine attack.
The smell of hypoglycemia people with type 1 diabetes would be perceived by trained dogs, able to warn their master by a muzzle on the leg for example.
Dogs are successful in detecting different forms of cancer in their master, including breast cancer, as seen above, ovarian cancer, the lung cancer and some prostate. The specific odor given off by the patient through urine or blood allows the animal to recognize the carcinogenic pathology.
The role of the dog dominates on disease prevention and cure infectious and carcinogenic, which gives great hope to caregivers and sick patients. The scientific team wishes to extend these screening methods as widely as possible in the territory and to guarantee rapid treatment for all. To support the Institut Curie’s KDOG program, make an online donation, deductible from your income tax.
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