Adopting a kitten is not just about welcoming the animal to its home in a comfortable place, but is also a procedure to be followed. The advice of a veterinarian or a specialist in the field will help to understand the phases to be accomplished before and after the adoption of the kitten. The individual who makes this choice will have to be ready to invest completely, especially the first months, so that the kitten evolves in good conditions.
The importance of age choice
The first aspect to take into account is to wait until the kitten has had time to familiarize itself with the rules of cleanliness and has had time to socialize. Since this learning takes place in contact with the mother, he should not be separated from her before his two months. He is not responsible for adopting a kitten when he is a baby because even with all the affection that will be brought to him, the bond with his mother is essential. The two-month period is very attractive but you have to be aware that an animal of this age will need a significant presence because it will still need a lot of affection and to be able to play. Before proceeding with the adoption of a cat of this age, it will be necessary to make sure to be sufficiently available. Opting for a slightly older kitten will require less involvement.
Respect the weaning period
For all kittens, you should not rush the end of weaning in order to achieve rapid adoption. If kittens are adorable when they are born, they need a period when they are going to be breastfed by their mother. At around 4 to 5 weeks of age, they begin to show interest in solid foods even though they continue to drink milk. The end of weaning is usually around the age of 7 to 8 weeks. By this time, the kitten is consuming only solid food and is therefore ready for adoption. This age is an average therefore for each adoption of a kitten, it will be necessary to make sure with the private or professional seller that this period is over. If not, it is recommended that you be patient and wait a few more weeks. For his future health, it will already be interesting to worry about the food that will be served to him on his arrival since he has specific needs that must be met.
Perform the necessary vaccinations
The weaned kitten becomes exposed to diseases and genes which will cause quite significant disorders. In order to protect it against these risks, it is essential to keep a vaccination record from the start of its adoption. The first vaccination should be done in 7 and 9 weeks, which is usually when the adoption takes place. The new owner will then be able to go automatically to the veterinarian to carry out each necessary vaccine. The first vaccines concern Coryza, responsible for herpes among others, Typhus which causes diarrhea and severe vomiting as well as Leucosis which causes a more or less serious weakening of the immune system.
These three vaccines are very important because they will protect the new cat who will settle in his home so that he does not declare serious diseases or illnesses. The booster shots are between 12 and 16 weeks. At this age, it is also possible to carry out an anti-rabies vaccine depending on the place of residence which may present a risk. It is important to know that this vaccine is required if the owner wants to move to another country of the European Union with his cat so it is preferable to do so. It will be noted on the kitten’s vaccination record and it will only be enough to present this proof to the competent authorities during the trip.
Health protection treatments
Beyond the diseases that can be taken care of through vaccination, the owner of a kitten will have to carry out two other steps to ensure that his animal will be perfectly protected. Deworming is essential because it helps to develop a more efficient immune system, to guarantee a more solid gastrointestinal balance and to protect against dermatological damage. Kittens are infested with worms from an early age because they are already transmitted through breast milk and other sources afterwards. It is essential to deworm your cat every month until the age of six months and then every three months thereafter.
Fleas are a plague that must be eradicated immediately by treating your kitten effectively against fleas. This is necessary even if the cat is going to live in an apartment. Fleas can come from outside, be on window walls or in partitions and proliferate. They can also come from another animal living nearby that is infested. It is therefore necessary to immediately use a product against fleas, checking beforehand that it is well suited to kittens.